Vaginal Tightening Pills: What You Should Know

Vaginal relaxation is common among ageing women. Those who opt for natural childbirth may experience temporary vaginal relaxation. Women who have given birth to two or more children are more likely to have a relaxed vagina. It is difficult to say that only natural childbirth is the cause because a caesarean section also weakens the pelvic muscles, especially when a woman undergoes the procedure multiple times. Menopause has an effect on vaginal tightness, so do lack of exercise, obesity and many other lifestyle factors.

Pills

Common Remedies for Vaginal Relaxation

What is referred to as loose vagina or vagina loosening is basically vaginal relaxation. The muscles in the vaginal area are weaker than they should be. The pelvic floor may get lowered in due course of time. These cause the vagina go feel and actually turn looser or more relaxed. The solution is vaginal rejuvenation. There are many remedies widely recommended for vaginal rejuvenation or vaginal tightening. There are pills, gels or creams, surgery and exercises. Losing weight, exercises of the pelvic muscles, diet and maintaining an active & healthy lifestyle would definitely help. Creams or topical solutions like V-Tight Gel would help. Surgery is a risky procedure and also quite expensive. It is quite possible the surgery would be completely ineffective. There are serious side effects including complete loss of sensation in the vagina. Many women need to opt for surgery more than once. Vaginoplasty, which is the surgical procedure for vaginal reconstruction, is not the first preference for most women.

In recent years, a plethora of vaginal tightening pills have flooded the market. Some of them are recommended by doctors too but most are over the counter pills. Many of these vaginal tightening pills have no scientific backing. There are simply claims and counterclaims. It is normal for women to wonder if vaginal tightening pills have any desired effect at all. Since there is a lot of misinformation around and substantial hype about vaginal tightening pills, it is necessary to get down to the facts and explore the scientific foundation of claims being made by companies and endorsers of such products.

 

What are Vaginal Tightening Pills?

There is no lucid way to describe or even classify vaginal tightening pills. A myriad of ingredients have made their way into these pills. Some pills are natural but most have a combination of herbal extracts and chemicals. Artificial ingredients are widely used by the pharmaceutical industry. It is unclear and near impossible to know the actual composition of vaginal tightening pills. This is what makes the entire debate in favor of such pills to be rooted in speculation. Till such time one gets to know what the exact ingredients are and then explore the scientific evidence suggesting their effects on vaginal tightening, there is no way anyone can have an informed opinion or a surefire inference.

 

Claims of Vaginal Tightening Pills

There are many vaginal tightening pills that claim to restore libido by providing a natural alternative of estrogen and this apparently has an effect on the strength as well as form of the muscles. There are many pills that claim to be able to restore the muscular strength with the help of many herbal extracts. It is unclear how improving libido would have an impact on vaginal tightening when it is actually muscular strength that determines its firmness. Libido actually loosens the vagina during sex. Women who are not adequately aroused have tighter vagina and this often leads to painful sex. Many women are compelled to use lubricants because low libido or lack of sexual stimulation and subsequent arousal make vaginas drier and unresponsive to sexual intercourse. If libido was the answer to vaginal relaxation or loosening then those with amazing sex drive would have an even tighter vagina. But that is not the case.

Often, women experience their vaginas to be tighter after menopause because the levels of estrogen plummet and this has a direct impact on libido or sex drive. This proves a direct correlation between estrogen and vaginal tightness. Women with normal or high levels of estrogen would have a more lubricated, responsive and flexible vagina while having sex. This will of course get restored to the normal form and state when the estrogen level drops. Women do not have the same estrogen level all the time. It is a hormone and it is bound to fluctuate. The vaginal firmness and its ability to lubricate will depend on the availability of estrogen secreted by the body. Hence, restoring estrogen levels with the help of natural or herbal alternatives would lubricate the vagina and make it more flexible during sex. It would not tighten a vagina since that is not what estrogen does.

These two realities completely defeat the arguments of many companies and endorsers that natural alternatives for estrogen, aphrodisiacs and other herbal extracts can tighten the vaginal muscles. There are many vaginal tightening pills that have been found to be completely unsafe and ineffective. They are just voodoo pills that perhaps do nothing and worse, they may cause serious harm. The female body is anyway a complicated system and one should not pop in a random pill without knowing what it might do or be capable of. Endorsers of vaginal tightening pills often cite ingredients like Morinda Citrifolio or Noni and Kacip Fatimah as being effective against vaginal relaxation. Let us explore such claims too.

The Truth about Vaginal Tightening Pills

Morinda Citrifolia or Noni is a fruit. It is safe when you eat this fruit but medicinal use of the extracts of Noni has been deemed relatively unsafe. It is not outright dangerous and the extract of this fruit is indeed used for some health problems. However, there are some side effects too. Concentrated extracts of Noni can cause damage to liver and kidneys. Breastfeeding or lactating women should not consume this extract or the fruit even. Pregnant women must avoid it. Those who have high level of potassium or are vulnerable to retain more potassium in their blood than what is deemed normal should avoid this fruit and its extract. Noni is very rich in potassium. Morinda Citrifolia has been scientifically proven to being effective in treating some health conditions but it has not been studied for its effects on vaginal relaxation and hence cannot be classified as a vaginal tightening agent or herbal extract.

The other ingredient many endorsers claim to be effective in vaginal tightening pills is Kacip Fatimah. This is an herb. It has been used in traditional medicine in many Asian cultures, mostly Malaysia and later in Java and Sumatra. The herb is classified as an aphrodisiac. It is antibacterial, antifungal and anti flatulent. The entire plant may be used as the source of an extract. Its root, stem and leaves are also used separately or collectively for some extracts. The herb has quite a few health benefits for women. It is also deemed as a phytoestrogen, which is the natural alternative of estrogen found in plants. This is what makes it an aphrodisiac for women. Estrogen has not got a direct correlation with vaginal tightening. It is a causal factor for lubrication, sex drive or libido, sexual pleasure and orgasm. It does not cause any perpetual tightening of vagina. Since estrogen does not have any such ability, phytoestrogen being a natural alternative is no answer to vaginal relaxation.

These herbal extracts are not used in all vaginal tightening pills and some that do are not clear as to how much of the concentrates there is. The extracts can be unsafe in certain concentrations. For instance, Morinda Citrifolia should not be consumed by any woman who is vulnerable to estrogen sensitive cancers. Pregnant, lactating or breastfeeding women should not consume these extracts or the fruits and herbs in their natural form.

Topical Solutions are Safer and More Effective

A topical solution is always safer than a pill that needs to be ingested. A topical solution does not get to directly interact with the vital organs and causes no major changes to any of the life supporting functions of the various systems. Topical solutions are mostly facilitative. They target only the specific area where the cream or a gel is applied and do not interfere with other bodily functions. Pills on the other hand interfere with several bodily functions. Right from metabolism to the composition of blood, the secretion of many hormones to the normal functioning of different organs, pills may have positive or negative effects. Since most vaginal tightening pills do not have any scientific backing, they cannot be deemed as either effective or entirely safe.

You can choose a fitting alternative to vaginal tightening pills. V-Tight Gel is a completely natural remedy. It is a topical solution. There are no side effects and you can combine it with exercise as well as lifestyle and dietary changes. The V-Tight Gel would not interfere with your diet, sleep, sex life or anything else. It is a completely noninvasive remedy that is also reasonably priced.

How To Make Your Vagina Taste Good

Believe it or not, every single woman on the planet has a very distinct “vaginal fingerprint” that produces a completely unique taste and smell down there unlike anyone else’s.

This all has to do with your own individual biology, your genetics, and the good bacteria that live in, on, and around your vaginal region. The odds are pretty good that if you’ve ever asked a man what things taste like down there they’ve giving you a couple of different answers, which shows that the taste of your vagina can also be impacted by what you eat or consume recently, too.

Thankfully though, you can use this little bit of knowledge to your advantage. While you’re pretty much stuck with the genetic bacteria that live in this region, giving you a “baseline” smell and taste, you can also shake things up a bit down low with a couple of tips and tricks that we highlight in this quick guide.

Ready to jump in?

Let’s get right to it!

 

Scrub up on a regular basis

The easiest way (and the most obvious way) to make sure that your vagina smells and tastes a whole lot cleaner and a whole lot fresher is to – surprise, surprise – wash your lady bits a regular and routine basis.

Now, you don’t necessarily want to scrub up with a super fragrant soap or you’re going to with those scents and soapy tastes lingering a lot longer than you might have expected. Some guys are probably going to find that to be a lot less objectionable than the “raw deal”, but most of them aren’t going to want to feel like they are going down on a bar of soap, either.

 

Air things out

Another good idea to keep things nice and fresh is to air out the area on a regular basis, taking advantage of natural versus synthetic fibers and materials to give your vagina plenty of room to breathe.

Bacteria does best in damp areas, so if you keep yourself to bottled up down low you’re going to end up with a much more hyperactive batch of bacteria working double-overtime in your vaginal area. That’s going to cause some foul-smelling and foul-tasting action pretty quickly, something you’re looking to avoid altogether.

It’s not a bad idea to make sure that you wash your undergarments with laundry detergent that doesn’t contain any extra dyes or any extra fragrances, either. These kinds of detergents can start to mash the cotton fibers in your clothes together, cutting down on the amount of natural airflow that would have moved through them before – producing a much more stifling set of panties that’s going to cause all kinds of problems.

 

Don’t spray your vagina!

Perfumes can bring a floral and exciting smell to pretty much any area of your body, but the second that you start to spritz the vaginal area with alcohol-based or synthetic fragrance perfumes you’re going to kick the bacteria in the area into high gear and cause a whole lot more problems than you’d be able to cover up.

Believe it or not, the chemical components in pretty much every perfume in synthetic fragrance on the market today are going to do little more than dry out vagina (causing your body to ramp up moisture production) and then screw around with the pH balance of this part of your body.

Sure, you will be able to mask things for a little while – but by the time an hour or so has passed things are going to be a whole lot worse than when you started!

 

Wax rather than shave (and try not to go all-natural)

Whenever you sweat, your body hair – especially pubic hair – is going to trap each and every one of those older producing molecules, and before you know it you are going to be dealing with an overwhelmingly smelly area.

When you choose to wax your vaginal area (and we’re not just talking about a quick bikini wax, but taking everything off) you are not just only going to be able to “dress things up” down there but you’re also going to be able to completely remove the potential for odor molecules to cling onto anything at all.

 

Baby wipes beat toilet paper hands down

One of the smartest things you can do (aside from investing in a high-quality bidet) is to carry around a couple of baby wipes in your purse or have a stockpile at home so that you can effectively and quickly clean up your entire vaginal area when you take a trip to the toilet.

Not only are these wipes specifically designed to be as gentle and as friendly to one of the most sensitive areas on your body, but they are also going to work wonders to completely clean your vagina in ways that toilet paper never could.

Not only will you get rid of any extra odor and clean up the taste of everything down low, but you’re also going to be able to dramatically reduce the potential for urinary tract and vaginal infections.

 

Does eating pineapple really make your vagina taste good?

Believe it or not, you really are able to change the way you taste and the way you smell by the things that you put in to your body on a regular basis.

Pineapples

Right out of the gate, you’ll want to make sure that you are drinking plenty of water. When you are appropriately hydrated you’re going to have a lot less to worry about in this department. When you are dehydrated, your body is going to be doing all kinds of crazy things to compensate – and your natural bacteria count will shoot through the roof.

Secondly, smart food choices really will make a world of difference as far as how you taste and how you smell is concerned.

Eating pineapple will give a (surprise, surprise) pineapple taste, eating strawberries or honey will do the same, and drinking beverages with quite a bit of mint in them will give you a nice fresh smell and taste, too.

Vaginal Steaming: Does It Really Work?

Vaginal steaming is a simple process of exposing and hence treating your vagina and pubic area to steam. The steam is often infused with volatile oils and other active compounds found in different kinds of herbs. In a way, it is an herbal remedy that uses steam for the diffusion of the desired nutrients. Vaginal steaming is considered a natural remedy and this is indeed true. However, there are different reasons why you may consider vaginal steaming and the impacts would obviously vary. Let us explore everything you would want to know about vaginal steaming.

 

What is Vaginal Steaming?

Take a few useful herbs, put them in a container filled with steam or use a special device that can produce steam and diffuse the volatile organic compounds in the herbs, then carry the nutrients infused vapors to your vagina, penetrate the skin or the soft tissues and eventually enter the bloodstream. You may choose to squat over the device or container. You may sit on a chair or a special throne that has a hole in it so you are not in an uncomfortable posture. It is quite difficult to squat for several minutes to get treated this way. There are upscale spas that offer vaginal steaming. You would sit on a special chair that is as comfortable as a reclining couch. The spas would charge a substantial sum of money for a session. You can choose the herbs that would be used in the process. You may also choose to simply use steam without any herbs but it is better if you enrich the vapors with some essential oils and other volatile organic compounds that would offer more benefits.

 

Ingredients of Vaginal Steaming

You need water, as the source of the steam. You need a device or container that can heat the water to produce steam. There are state of the art steam or vapor generators that you may use. The herbs that are usually chosen for vaginal steaming are wormwood, calendula, mugwort, chamomile, oregano and basil. You can use just one herb or you may combine a few of these. All these are commonly used for a myriad of purposes so they can be deemed to be safe. If there are any risks, then that would be specifically about vaginal steaming itself or the process and not necessarily the herbs.

 

Vaginal Steaming at Home

You can take a basin or a bucket, fill it up with hot water or you can use water at room temperature if you have a portable heater to warm it and generate steam in due course of time, add around a cup of the herb you choose or a combination of different herbs, let the natural wonders get soaked and steeped in for a minute. You can let the herbs soften and warm up for longer than a minute. As you notice some steam, remove your bathrobe and squat or stand over the container, use a towel to wrap your legs and waist so you do not let any steam out and enjoy the steaming for anywhere between half an hour and an hour. Steady heat may be necessary in some cases or the steam will cool down and there would be no vapors at all. Do not overheat the water as extremely hot steam can cause burns.

 

Benefits of Vaginal Steaming

Vaginal steaming has been hailed by some celebrities. There are some doctors who have endorsed the natural remedy for many reasons. Vaginas tend to endure a lot of changes, including pain and sheer physiological challenges in due course of time.

Menstruation has its long and sustained impact on the shape, structure and even health of the vagina. Sexual intercourse has its merits and demerits. Childbirth is one major challenge. When you consider vaginal relaxation and the weakening of pelvic muscles, you may be staring at a crisis. Your vagina may feel much more relaxed than it should be. The vaginal muscles may not be as controllable as they must be. You may not feel sufficiently aroused or stimulated enough during sex. Like other parts of the body and especially muscles and skin, vagina can get bruised, wounded and inflamed. The skin does suffer wear and tear. There is pigmentation. The muscles can become weaker. There can be substantial pain too, not just menstrual cramps or bloating but also during sex if there is limited lubrication and if the sensory nerves are pinched.

Apparently, vaginal steaming can reduce different kinds of discomfort. It can reduce bloating and avert the feeling of exhaustion. Menstruation can become much more bearable if you have a vaginal steaming routine, not exactly when you have periods but before and after. Irregular menstrual cycles can be better regulated. Women have also reported a reduction in their menstrual flow and the brown or dark purple blood that are common at the start of menstruation and towards the end.

Vaginal steaming may possibly have an impact on fertility as the steam infused with the organic active compounds in the herbs get to the bloodstream and can enrich the uterus. Vaginal steaming can heal the uterus and also attend to the health of the reproductive system, even after childbirth. The natural remedy may be able to treat ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, uterine prolapsed and weakness. Hemorrhoids can be effectively treated with a recommended cure with some assistance from vaginal steaming. The vapor infused with herbal nutrients can treat yeast infections in the vagina and also eliminate bad odor. Menopause becomes more manageable and you may get relief from the symptoms.

Many women who go for routine vaginal steaming have reported experiencing less stress and depression, reduced infections and cured hemorrhoids, enhanced fertility and hormonal balance, reduced fatigue and headaches, better digestion and less pain that usually has varying causes at different times.

 

Does Vaginal Steaming Really Work?

It is a little unclear if vaginal steaming actually works. There is extremely limited scientific evidence arguing either way. There is historical evidence substantiating the traditional use of mugwort to cure certain pressure points in the body to remedy obvious problems. The process of burning the herb mugwort is known as moxibustion. This is a well established practice in traditional Chinese medicine. However, there is no scientific evidence yet that shows vaginal steaming with mugwort to have any impact on the vagina, the skin or the muscles, the uterus or the pelvic floor, reproductive health or anything else, such as fertility or hormonal secretions. Most researches and studies conducted on the benefits or moxibustion are inconclusive and many are actually contradictory.

There is some scientific evidence proving a relaxed sensation when a woman goes for vagina steaming. Anyone in a cold or relatively cooler climate will feel relaxed when exposed to steam. There is no irrefutable evidence proving anything beyond this sensation. The skin on and around the vagina is extremely sensitive and it is also highly porous. It is quite likely that the steam would penetrate the skin through the pores that become wider due to exposure to warmth and the diffused nutrients from the herbs will be absorbed by the skin and the soft tissues underneath. However, to what extent these nutrients are able to penetrate our muscles and if at all they get to our bloodstream is rather unfounded at this stage.

Many gynecologists argue that sitting in a hot tub or soaking in a tub of warm or steaming water may have the same effect as vaginal steaming. The same medical experts point out to the cultural relevance of vaginal steaming rather than its purported benefits, none of which are scientifically proven. The vagina is fully capable of healing itself, much like other parts of the human body. It is hence a little farfetched to imagine that the vagina needs to be cleaned with steam or herbs for that matter. To the flipside, there could be some side effects of vaginal steaming.

Vaginal steaming involves exposing the area to hot vapor. It goes without saying that the vagina, including the insides, will get exposed to a certain degree of heat that is not usual. The vapor would have a much higher temperature than the natural body temperature inside the vagina. The increase in temperature can make the vagina an ideal environment for various types of bacteria. It is quite possible to have a bacterial infection or some yeast, fungal or viral infections simply because the increase in temperature leads to a contraction or the incubation of already existent microbes in and around the vagina, thereby causing an outbreak.

Inflamed tissues in and around the vagina may get further irritated and there can be a flare-up. There can be other side effects depending on the exact temperature of the steam. Not everyone can regulate the heat used to generate the steam. The vapors may not have consistent temperature and it is quite demanding to be impeccably precise with everything during the entire process. To conclude, science does not say if vaginal steaming is safe and it does not back the perceived benefits of the remedy.

How to Tighten Your Vagina with Vinegar

Women must deal with a lot of things that men will never understand. For instance, only a woman’s genitalia change shape and size due to natural processes. Between having sex and giving birth, the vagina can become a lot less tight over time. In fact, just the natural reduction of general muscle tone and skin elasticity contribute heavily to the change. Because of this, ladies have been searching for a way to tighten up down there since the beginning of time.

Vinegar

Long before medical-grade topical treatments and risky surgeries were the norm, women used a variety of natural products to constrict their vaginas. While some of those home remedies are based on little more than urban legends and wives’ tales, products such as apple cider vinegar have a uniquely accurate and surprisingly effective track record.

Unfortunately, it’s become a common misconception that a woman’s vaginal tightness is merely a matter of cosmetics and/or aesthetics. In reality, though, there are several serious and often embarrassing medical concerns that arise when a woman’s vagina isn’t as constricted as it once was. For example, a loose vagina may cause some or all of the following health and lifestyle problems:

Stress incontinence

This symptom of a loose vagina is sometimes referred to as “urine leakage” and differs greatly from common incontinence because it happens only during activities that cause stress on the bladder (laughing, coughing, sneezing, jumping, etc.).

Loss of Sensation

This symptom occurs when a woman’s vagina is no longer tight enough to grip fingers or a penis, causing a generalized reduction in sexual pleasure for both her and her partner.

Reduced Pleasure

When women achieve orgasm, their pelvic floor begins to pulse and contract. However, a loose vagina may make it nearly impossible to reach climax because the vaginal muscles aren’t as strong or tight as before.

Millions of women suffer from a loosened vagina and/or weak pelvic wall, but they are not all willing to undergo surgery, ingest medications, or apply potentially harmful topical ointments to their most sensitive area. Instead, many women seek natural remedies that can be used in the privacy of their own home. One such remedy is apple cider vinegar but knowing how and when to use it the most important part.

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How Apple Cider Vinegar Helps Tighten the Vagina

Those who have either smelled or tasted apple cider vinegar know how pungent it is. That intensity is caused by an extremely high level of acidity. In fact, the acidity of apple cider vinegar is one of the main reasons the substance is so commonly used in natural remedies.

Applying apple cider vinegar directly to your vagina may sting a bit. Furthermore, regular applications can actually damage and/or desensitize the skin if you’re not careful. However, due to the intrinsic nature of apple cider vinegar, it can effectively tighten the vaginal muscles when used correctly.

Here is how it works:

  • Combine a ½ cup of apple cider vinegar with 1 cup of distilled water.
  • Heat the mixture to a temperature that’s comfortable to the touch. NOTE: It’s not recommended that you use the microwave as it may cause uneven heating.
  • Pour the mixture into an empty douche bottle. NOTE: Do not reuse an old douche. Instead, simply empty out the container of an unused douche and use the nozzle for the next step.
  • Insert the douche into your vagina as far as you can and squeeze the solution out slowly.

Do your best to get a good, thorough wash down there. Then, allow the solution to drip out of your vagina naturally throughout the day. Wear a pad to catch any excess moisture.

Important Considerations When Using Apple Cider Vinegar to Tighten Your Vagina

Using apple cider vinegar is safe and effective, but there are some important things to consider beforehand. For once, always refrain from having sex, inserting tampons, or using sex toys for at least 24 hours after using this solution. Do not attempt this remedy while you’re on your period or have a urinary tract infection. If irritation occurs, stop immediately.

Try to repeat this routine at least once or twice per week until you reach a desired tightness level. As an added bonus, apple cider will also cleanse your vaginal canal in the process. On the contrary, however, washing your vagina with this solution too often can disrupt the natural, healthy bacteria inside. Therefore, it’s important not to go overboard. If you’re unsure how this home remedy will affect you, simply speak with your gynecologist before trying it.

Note that there is no scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of using apple cider vinegar to tighten the vagina. Therefore, you won’t likely find any information pertaining to it online or at a doctor’s office. If you’re uncertain about using this remedy, there are other things you can do to increase the muscle tone and elasticity of your lady parts.

Apple Cider Vinegar Alternatives

Sex therapists typically recommend using a safe and natural tightening approach called kegel exercises. Kegels are done by manually contracting the muscles of the pelvic floor. One way to familiarize yourself with the muscles associated with that area is to interrupt the flow of your urine midstream.

Kegel exercises are commonly used by women, especially after childbirth, to decrease stress incontinence and tighten the vagina. While apple cider vinegar is very inexpensive, kegels are completely free, 100% safe, highly effective, and supported by the medical community. A combination of kegels and apple cider vinegar may render significant results in a very short amount of time.

Another great option is to consider a natural vaginal tightening cream which is a great alternative to using vinegar.

The Final Verdict

Apple cider vinegar has been used for millennia by women who want to tighten up their vaginas in a safe and natural way. While modern science has yet to determine the effectiveness of this home remedy, millions of women swear by it either way. So, unless you have some aversion to the smell or an allergic concern, you should be able to benefit from it as well. If all else fails, perform some kegels in your spare time.

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How To Make Your Vagina Look Pretty

Pretty Vagina

There are many ways to make your vag look pretty. Some are invasive but you can always go for noninvasive and aesthetic ways to perk up the nether region. You can add some bling, invest in routine grooming or pick a healthy way to make your vaginal lips and muscles stronger as well as prettier at the same time. Here is a comprehensive guide illustrating how to make your vagina look pretty.

  • You can choose a wig for your genital area. This is commonly known as merkin. You can explore a plethora of merkins online. They vary in size, shape and color. You can find distinct patterns. There are some common colors that would match your natural pubic hair, some may accentuate the skin tone down there and some can be quite bold, which may not be a bad option for those special kinky moments. There is a whole realm of beautiful merkins out there, from red hearts to quirky toupees.
  • You may consider vajazzling. This is like jewelling your pubic area. There are various types of crystals available and they can add just the kind of bling you want. You may also choose some precious metal or gemstone if you can afford them. There are women who buy gold whiskers and sterling silver ornaments for their vaginal beautification.
  • You can choose to bleach your vaginal lips, also known as labia. Bleaching the labia (vaginal whitening) is not as painful as you may perceive. You have to choose a reliable and safe product, one that would not cause any inflammation or infection, one that would not lead to itchiness or any kind of irritation and one that will safely accentuate the vaginal lips without causing any damage to the skin. Normal bleaches would not work for your labia. There are special gels meant for vaginal labia. Some of these could be expensive but then safety does come at a cost.
  • Many women prefer vaginal laser rejuvenation. Of the various cosmetic surgeries that you can explore, laser vaginal rejuvenation is both healthy and accentuating. Your vagina would be cleaner, the cells would be rejuvenated and the muscles would be stimulated. Your vagina would also be lubricated as a result. The procedure is invasive but it is not painful at all. You can have the session after work or even during your midday break if you have enough time. It is an outpatient procedure. You do not have to get admitted. You may not even need anyone to drive you back to your home or office.
  • Since we are talking about tiny crystals, wigs, jewelry and bleach, it is only fitting that you consider some lipstick for your vulva. This is not at all outlandish. Many women use vulva lipstick and some of these products can actually be beneficial. Vaginal lips are different from facial lips but they have one thing in common. Both can get chafed over time. Vulva lipstick can take care of your vaginal labia. There is a myriad of colors you can explore and you should actually have a palette at your disposal.
  • You must have heard of vaginal facial. Some people call it vagacial. Let aside the nomenclature and think of the various benefits of vaginal facial. Older people are recommended to go for a facial, not solely for the cosmetic or aesthetic benefits. Facial can counter and even reverse some signs of ageing, even if the results are temporary. Vaginal facial would cleanse the area, moisturize the lips and the surrounding region and you would have a much smoother vagina. This may not be much of an elusive goal for young women. Older women know how vaginas deteriorate over the years, just like other parts of the body.
  • Waxing is a customary grooming ritual for women. Brazilian wax has always been popular among women. You can choose Brazilian wax or you may go for a French wax. The result is prettier with the latter. You may hire a specialist or go for one of the premium spas in town. You may also choose to do this yourself. Many women around the world have learned Brazilian wax and French wax on their own. There is no dearth of videos online. You may take a session or two to master it if you are completely unfamiliar but you will save some money.
  • Yoni egg is one of the kinkier options on this list. You have to basically put this crystal into your vagina and the smaller beads effectively hang out like it is an earring for your vagina. This is not ideal for every woman but there are times when you can toy with some unconventional ways to spice things up. The yoni egg has no risks whatsoever and sexual intercourse can be more pleasurable. It can be particularly lustful if that is something you want.
  • If you are not averse to the idea of an invasive procedure then you can consider piercing your clitoris. There are two options at your disposal. You can pierce the head of the clitoris. This is not exactly the clitoris but the hood and you must have enough of it to facilitate the piercing. The other option is to pierce the clitoris itself. This is not ideal as you could damage a nerve or more in the process. Many women consider this but only some women go for it. You can avoid this if you want but an option exists so you should be aware. The procedure does require some recovery time. Sexual intercourse can be painful for some weeks. Women who choose to pierce their clitoris often report being too sensitive to touch, let aside actual intercourse.
  • A better alternative is a labia clip that does not have to be pierced. It is kind of a clip on that looks just like something you would sport if you had a pierced clitoris but there is no invasive process here and no major risks. These clips come in various colors and styles.
  • You can also consider using a natural vaginal tightening gel, like V-Tight Gel, to improve your vaginal tightness without the need to consider dangerous surgery. This is certainly a much cheaper and safer alternative to vagioplasty too.

 

Vaginal Pimples: What are the Causes and Treatment Options

Vagina pimples are similar to zits or spots. They can be identical to the kind of pimples you may have had on your face. The lesions are small and rounded. There may be a cluster of vaginal pimples or just a lone one somewhere in the area. You may have a few scattered across the vaginal area instead of the pimples forming a cluster. Vaginal pimples can be red or reddish. They may be of the natural color of your skin. It is common for vaginal pimples to be a shade lighter or darker than the complexion. Like facial pimples, vaginal pimples may be harmless and the bumps may not cause any discomfort. They may only be an aesthetic aberration. However, vaginal pimples can be painful, they can sting upon touch or any kind of friction, the bumps may be symptoms of a more serious infection or inflammation and the lesions may also contain discharge or pus.Vaginal Pimples

Causes of Vaginal Pimples

There are many causes of vaginal pimples. The first outbreak has to be assessed to ascertain the actual cause. If you have vaginal pimples immediately after any type of sexual activity with someone for the first time, then there is a possibility of contracting a sexually transmitted disease or infection. If you have had vaginal pimples for a while without any correlation with sexual activities and they have not been growing then there could be some other causes.

  • The most common cause of vaginal pimples is contact dermatitis. This is a skin condition. If your genital or vaginal area is in direct contact with anything that the skin in the part of your body is sensitive to, then you may have contact dermatitis and pimples are a common symptom. The skin on and around your vagina is anyway highly sensitive. It is hence vulnerable to various materials that other parts of the body or the skin in other areas are not sensitive to. Topical medications, especially those purchased over the counter, dryer sheets, detergents and cosmetics that cause some degree of abrasion, condoms and lubricants, stimulants and spermicides, douches, sanitary napkins and tampons can cause or facilitate contact dermatitis. Powders, lotions, perfumes or deodorants, feminine wipes, bubble baths and soaps can also cause contact dermatitis.
  • Vaginal pimples may be caused by folliculitis. This is an infection or inflammation of the follicles of your vaginal or pubic hair. Frequent shaving, use of tight undergarments, wearing underwear made of fabrics or cloths that do not facilitate ventilation and do not absorb moisture, ingrown hairs, bathing in an unclean pool or tub, any infection or wound that gets worse without treatment and excessive sweat causing irritation or use of some personal products can cause folliculitis.
  • Microbial infections, especially buildup of bacteria, hormonal imbalance and changes in hormonal cycles, irritation in the skin caused by urine, semen, vaginal discharge and perspiration and excessive sebum secretion may also cause vaginal pimples. The cause of vagina pimples determines how serious the lesions are. It is quite possible your vaginal pimples will get healed on their own and they would be gone in a few days or weeks. It is equally possible you will have an outbreak of sorts and you will need an appropriate remedy for the vaginal pimples on the basis of the actual cause.

 

How to Treat Vaginal Pimples?

A standalone pimple that does not grow or spread is not a cause for concern. You should be promptly responsive if you notice the pimples growing, spreading and turning red, developing pus or some discharge and if you feel stinging pain. Consult a dermatologist or see your doctor if you think the vaginal pimples are not usual and indicative for something more serious. If there is no pain and the pimples do not seem to have much discharge, then you can wait for a few days to see if they grow and spread or subside.

Natural treatments are the best for vaginal pimples. There are enough options at your disposal and at least one of them will work for you. Most women choose more than one remedy and since they are all natural, there is no conflict or interaction. The only thing you must remember is the sensitivity of the skin around the vagina. Do not expose yourself to any chemical or material that would cause some abrasion or even normal friction.

  • Shun all the cosmetics and corrosive soaps, shampoos and other products that would worsen the pimples. Use antibacterial soaps. There are medicated soaps made from herbal extracts that are not only mild on the skin while being desirably effective at cleaning but they can also fight microbes on the skin and hence cure the infection. Avoid using deodorants and products that contain anything acidic or alcohol.
  • You can choose some essential oils. Lavender is a common choice. It is a natural antiseptic and it can reduce the painful sensations. Even if you have a burn or wound, lavender essential oil is suitable. You can combine lavender essential oil with almond oil, olive oil or coconut oil. You should use a carrier oil with an essential oil. You may also go for tea tree essential oil instead of lavender essential oil.
  • Take care of your hygiene and especially the cleanliness in and around the vagina. Make sure the pimples do not get unnecessarily exposed to moisture. Do not have multiple showers. Use a very soft towel to dry the area and be careful with the vaginal pimples so they are not subjected to any abrasion or friction. You can consider warm compress. You can also mix some Epsom salts in your bath water to clean the area and soothe the pain. Soaking is essential if you are using Epsom salts. Ideally, you should spend anywhere from fifteen to thirty minutes soaking in a bathtub filled with sufficient water and Epsom salts.

If you consult a doctor, you may be recommended some topical medicines or antihistamines. There are antibiotics too in case the vaginal pimples are caused by any infection or if the discharges cause an infection.

How To Make Your Vagina Look Lighter

Ideally, your vagina should be of the same color and tone as your skin. If you are white, then your vagina should be white. If you are black, your vagina should be black. If you are whitish, brownish, blackish or any shade among the transitions of various common colors of human skin then your vagina should also be of that hue and tone. However, this is not the case for most women. Most women have slightly or substantially darker vagina.Light Vagina

A vagina has no color. There is no true or ideal color for the skin around the vaginal muscles and labia or lips. The same fact applies to the clitoris as well. A Caucasian woman may have a substantially darker clitoris. An African woman can have a much lighter clitoris given the natural color of her skin. There are many factors that contribute to the exact shade of your vagina. While every woman would love to have the perfect shade in order to feel sexy, confident and satiated, the reality is rarely so comforting. Let us explore why your vagina may be darker than your skin tone and what you can do about it.

Reasons for a Darker Vagina

Vagina is rarely lighter than the skin tone on your face, neck and arms or other visible parts of your body. Vagina will be slightly darker and it should not be a concern. Genetics plays a crucial role in determining such features. Some women have lighter vaginas if the dominant genes favor that and some women have darker vaginas because that is what they are genetically predisposed to.

The concern is when a woman notices her vagina getting darker for some reason. This is just as common as a darker vagina to begin with. Most women will notice substantial changes to the color, tone and even texture of the skin down there. Many women have darker vaginas when they are sexually aroused. Most women will also have darker vaginas as they age. These are normal and completely natural. There is no need to fret these but you must take some corrective actions.  Vaginal whitening has become all the rage in recent times though.

Darkening of vaginas should be a concern if there are other problems, such as itchiness or a rash. There could be fluidic discharges or an infection. Rapid changes of color over a span of time are also a concern. Some cosmetic products such as talcum powder can cause vaginas to darken in due course of time. Other causes of a darker vagina include hormonal imbalance, weight gain, vitamin deficiency, frequent shaving, extremely tight clothing and especially underwear, use of some new cosmetic or grooming product, polycystic ovarian syndrome, hypothyroidism and gastric cancer. A darker vagina can be just because of excessive melanin in the skin.

Natural Remedies for a Lighter Vagina

There are some natural and homemade solutions to your quest of exploring how to make your vagina lighter. It should be noted that these remedies are applicable only when there is no serious condition affecting the color of your vaginal skin. If you are suffering from any of the aforementioned medical conditions, then the natural remedies may not be able to make your vagina lighter unless the infection or ailment is treated.

  • You should lose weight if you are overweight or obese. Gaining weight leads to buildup of fatty tissues in various parts of the body, including the vaginal area. The fatty tissues lead to a leathery texture on the skin. The deposited fatty tissues will make the skin look darker and it would feel different too. Lose weight and your vagina will get lighter. Maintain a healthy weight thereafter.
  • Try to use undergarments made of cotton. Do not opt for blends if you have sensitive skin. Go for organically grown cotton. Such types of quality underwear would cost you but that is a price you have to pay for a lighter vagina. You should avoid wearing extremely tight clothes. Avoid all clothes that do not absorb any sweat generated in and around the pelvic and vaginal area. Go for clothes that allow your skin to breathe.
  • Get rid of the talcum powder and hair removal products if you think they are the cause or one of the facilitating factors. In all likelihood, talcum powder and hair removal cream are darkening your vagina. Shun them and increase your daily water intake. Increase the servings of fruits. You will notice some difference unless there is another physiological condition affecting the color and texture of your vagina.
  • There are many natural solutions you can prepare at home and apply them for a lighter vagina. You can use yogurt and oatmeal to exfoliate the skin. You could use yogurt and orange peel powder, make a paste and apply it. You may apply lemon or its juice. Do not mix lemon juice with anything else. Make sure there is no bruise or open wound on the skin when you apply lemon. Always use fresh homemade lemon juice, not the packaged or bottled ones.
  • You may go for a mix of gram flour, some drops of lemon juice and a bit of milk to make a nice paste. Apply it and let it rest for around fifteen to twenty minutes. Wash off the paste with water. This remedy is an effective skin lightener. You may also choose to combine lime juice and yogurt paste. Follow the same routine as with the gram flour, lemon juice and milk paste. You may try either or both but you should be regular with the natural treatment.
  • You may use papaya or tomatoes and rub them on the skin to lighten it. You can also use potato slices. Potatoes can regulate inflammation and can hence counter any darkening as a result. You can use some turmeric paste and spread it around the vagina. Turmeric works wonders for the skin. There are herbal vaginal bleaching creams available in stores. You could also use cucumber extract, rose extract, seaweed and aloe vera to concoct homemade creams. All these answers to how to make your vagina look lighter require time to produce the desired results. When it comes to lightening your vaginal area it’s important to remember that you cannot expect an overnight transformation. You may also want to consider using a vaginal tightening cream to keep your vagina walls tight too.

10 Signs You Have A Loose Vagina

Female breasts and male penises come in various sizes, so do vaginas. Just as breasts are supposed to be roundish, the nipples must respond to stimulation and penises are expected to expand and contract, vaginas too are supposed to tighten and loosen up depending on various factors, most importantly hormones. While physical touch and mental stimulation seem to be the immediate stimuli, it is actually hormones, blood circulation and the elasticity of muscles that control the vaginal loosening or tightening. Vaginas are expected to loosen up during sexual intercourse or even foreplay. They are also expected to facilitate childbirth, which invariably requires the vaginal walls to move apart to make way for the baby. Likewise, vaginal walls would contract and be reasonably tight in normal circumstances.Women in dress

While women can have a loose vagina, it is not owing to the hackneyed perception that having excessive sex leads to permanent stretching of the walls and labia. Sexual intercourse does not cause permanent changes to vaginal walls, the vulva or the labia among other parts of the female reproductive anatomy. Those who have a loose vagina may be suffering from a temporary health ailment or there can be some physiological reason for the same. It is necessary to first observe if you have a loose vagina and only then can you try to figure out and understand the cause. There may be more than one cause for a loose vagina. Childbirth is a common cause. Ageing is another. Menopause is a common facilitating factor. There can be physiological disorders or deformations too. It is not wrong to find the male equivalent of a loose vagina in erectile dysfunction. Excessive sex or the lack of it has nothing to do with erectile dysfunction. The same applies to a loose vagina.

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  • One of the first signs of a loose vagina is urinary stress infection. If you are experiencing urine leakage for no apparent reason, then your muscles may have lost their ability to stretch and contract. This is not necessarily a permanent condition. It may become a chronic problem but only if you do not take any remedial action. Urinary stress infection is characterized by uncontrollable leakage of urine during certain types of activities. A little bit of urine may leak when you do household chores, lift relatively heavy objects and engage in a strenuous physical activity or even when you sneeze, laugh and cough. This condition is not the same as incontinence. This is stress incontinence. The vaginal muscles facilitate the holding back of urine and prevent the bladder from empting the liquid waste. Since the muscles are unable to do so and hence causing incontinence, you may have a loose vagina.
  • If you do not have the same strength in your pelvic muscles as before, then you may want to check if you have a loose vagina. This is not just a sign but also a possible cause. The vaginal muscles would invariably depend on the strength in your pelvis to contract and expand. You can control your vaginal muscles. They are involuntary during stimulations, whether intercourse or childbirth, which is when your vaginal muscles must respond appropriately. The same vaginal muscles are also voluntary. This is the case when you urinate or perform stretching exercises. Poor pelvic strength can lead to and is also a sign of a loose vagina.
  • Obesity is a sign of a loose vagina, not because the latter causes you to gain weight but owing to the former having an impact on the muscles. Obesity tends to impair the elasticity of your skin, the strength in your muscles and also the composition of mass & fat in all parts of the body. Even vital organs can have layers of fat deposited on them if you are too overweight or obese. If you are several pounds overweight or considerably obese, check if you have a loose vagina.
  • One of the most surefire signs of a loose vagina is the index finger test. Insert the index finger or forefinger inside your vagina and use the labia to clasp it. If the vaginal lips fail to clasp the index finger, then you are unable to contract the muscles. This invariably means you have a loose vagina. Again, this is not necessarily a permanent condition. There may be one or more hormonal imbalances, your vaginal muscles may be weak, your core and pelvic muscles may have lost their strength and there can be other issues.
  • Ageing is a cause and a sign of a loose vagina. Most women will have weaker vaginal walls and muscles as they age. There is no universal rule though. Many old women can have tighter vaginas than younger women. The opposite is also true. Many aspects of your life, from diet to bodyweight, lifestyle to frequency of sex can have an effect on the vaginal muscles.
  • Menopause is often perceived as one of the causes of a loose vagina. It indeed is but it is not for every woman. There are many women who do not have any physiological difference in their vaginas before and after menopause. Many women continue to have an active sex life after menopause, despite the tectonic changes in hormonal secretions.
  • Childbirth is a preemptive sign that you have a loose vagina. It is imperative for every woman to have a slightly loose vagina immediately after childbirth. This gets restored in due course of time. Multiple childbirths may have a more sustained effect on the elasticity of the muscles and their form.
  • A surefire sign of having a loose vagina is lack of stimulation during foreplay. If you are fondling, kissing or enjoying oral sex and you are not feeling sexually stimulated, then there may be some problems and one of them could be a loose vagina. Your inability to contract and expand the muscles will reduce the stimulation.
  • Lack of stimulation during sexual intercourse is also a surefire sign. There are many women who do not feel stimulated before sex, such as foreplay or flirting, but they do feel the penis during intercourse. Those who do not feel stimulation during foreplay and during intercourse are more likely to have a loose vagina.
  • Lack of orgasm is also a sign of a loose vagina. At times women do not experience an orgasm due to the quality of sexual intercourse but they do feel the physical motion. If you do not feel the physical motion and there is no orgasm, then it is likely you have a loose vagina.

If you are looking for natural solutions to tighten your vagina when make sure to read this article.

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Diagram of the Vagina

It is incredible but many women do not know the parts of the vagina, its anatomy or structure, as well as its sexual stimulation. Do you know them?

To enjoy our sexuality we have to return to the fundamental, the knowledge of the female sexual anatomy, particularly of the vagina. For centuries, women have been condemned to sexual obscurantism: touching, looking and knowing the parts of their own body was considered dirty, sin, unfit for a decent woman.

However, knowing the parts of the female anatomy gives us power. Knowing their functions, stimuli and what part of this area is more pleasurable means that we can exercise our sexuality in a freer and more conscious way.

Because it is not the same to be receptive and to wait for the surprise of enjoyment, to know exactly what happens with our body, we invite you to know yourself. Know the parts of the vagina and then identify them in your own body, use a mirror and look at yourself, discover yourself, learn from yourself.

A human vagina is an elastic tubular tract or canal leading from the uterus to the exterior of the body in female (the vulva). Female genitals are the external portion of the female reproductive organ, which can be seen by the naked eye. In this case, it is called the “vulva”. Contained within the vulva are the mons pubis, clitoral hood, clitoris, labia majora, labia minora, vestibule of the vagina, urethra, vaginal orifice, fourchette and perineum.

See the different anatomical features of the vulva from various views.

Front view of the human vulva

You are looking at a full frontal view of the human vulva. You can distinguish all the anatomical features that compose the female sex organ. All basic parts of the genitalia have been labeled.

Human Vagina Front

Rear view of the human vulva

You are looking at a rear view of the human vulva. You can distinguish all the anatomical features from the vulva looking at it if a woman is bent over. All basic parts of the genital have been labeled.

Human Vagina Rear

Under view of the human vulva

You are looking at an under or between the legs view of the human vulva. You can distinguish all the anatomical features of the female genitals. All basic parts of the vulva have been labeled.

Human Vagina Bottom

Female pelvis and the placement of female genitals

You are looking at the female pelvic region, which you will find the genitalia in frontal view and the buttocks on rear view which are rounded portions of the anatomy located on the posterior of the pelvic region.

Pelvis front

Pelvis side

Pelvis rear

Mons pubis and pubic hair of female genitalia

The mons pubis comprises a mound of fatty tissue on the front side of the pelvic region. Pubic hair covers the mons pubis and also grows on the labia majora. See examples of female genitals at various stages of grooming (shaved, trimmed and natural).

Pubic Hair Shaved

Pubic Hair Natural

 

Monte de Venus: The mount of Venus, Pubis or bikini triangle, is the quilted leather fabric that protects the pubic bone. It is covered with dark hair (except for those that wax) and it is precisely the hair that makes this part of the vagina more stimulating. Men can caress and entangle their fingers in hair. Many women love it! Test it!

Vulva: They are the most visible external parts of the vagina. When many women (and men too) think about the vagina, they usually refer to the vulva. The vulva includes the vaginal opening, the external and internal lips, the cervix, the urinary opening and the mount.

The clitoris: A naked eye is a small button protruding near the top of the lips. However, that which is seen is only the tip, since in reality the clitoris is a complex organ of erectile tissue that extends along the vaginal area. Complete measures approximately 10 centimeters and during the stimulation it thickens just like the penis, only it is more difficult to notice that it swells because it does it internally. The clitoris is the only organ of the human body whose function is only to give pleasure.

Head of the clitoris: It is the small structure like handle that protrudes externally at the point where the lips of the vagina are connected. There are some clitoral heads that look like an erect nipple and others that hide behind a cap. It is normal. The more excited you are, the more the head of the clitoris rises.

Cap of the clitoris: It is the feminine equivalent of what is the foreskin in men. It is formed by the union of the ends of the inner lips.

Clitoris trunk: It is located under the cap and as it sinks into the female genitals it is divided into two bodies in the shape of a fork (inverted V).

Corpora cavernosos: They are in the internal part and are the two sides of the fork.

Clitoral bulbs: Run along the corpora cavernosa, erectile tissue that becomes congested with blood during stimulation.

External lips: They are the two pads of fatty tissue that cover the inner lips. They have no concentration of nerve terminals so profuse or change much during stimulation, its function is to protect the internal parts of the vagina.

Internal Lips: They are the wet layers, if hair that are connected in the upper part around the head of the clitoris. They connect to the fundus, under the vagina, forming the bifurcation. There is a great variety in its appearance and it is totally normal. Some are clear, others dark, thin, long, soft, smooth, wrinkled, inward, turned outward, with one longer side than the other, etc. During arousal they swell and darken.

Frenulum: It is the union of the ends that are below the clitoris of the inner lips. It can be considered part of the external clitoris. Very sensitive to stimulation.

Urethra: Duct running from the bladder to the opening between the head of the clitoris and the vaginal opening.

Urethral Sponge: spongy erectile tissue that surrounds the urethra that produces a liquid similar to that produced by the male prostate (not urine). They contain the paraurethral glands, which make female ejaculation possible.

Point U: External area surrounding the urethral opening. It is a very pleasant erogenous zone that is often stimulated by accident but, because it is close to the clitoris, it provides a lot of pleasure.

Point G: It is the area of ​​the urethral sponge, which can be felt along the upper female wall. It is located by inserting the index finger and directing it towards the navel, it can be stimulated if you move with your finger as if you were scratching.

Vaginal canal (the vagina, for many): It is the channel that runs from the cervix (the door of the uterus or womb), to the hole between the urethra and the anus. That’s where the penis or the sex toys come in.

Perineum: It is the short bridge between the vaginal opening and the anus. It can be sensitive to massage and pressure.

Anus: It is the final exit of the rectum, a tube in the form of s that serves for the passage of feces. This orifice is rich in nerve endings, sphincters and is close to the perineal sponge, so it responds very well to stimulation and can be part of the excitement or even orgasm.

Bacterial Vaginosis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Bacterial Vaginosis


This article contains proven steps and strategies on how to prevent, treat and stop the recurrence of bacterial vaginosis, together with some helpful tips on prevention, home treatment, managing the condition for pregnant women and a suggested diet to improve health and enjoy a
higher quality of life.

Bacterial vaginosis is a common infection in the vagina; the most susceptible are those who have an active sex life and pregnant women. BV affects one in five women from ages 15 to 44 years old. Although there is no definite explanation as to why sexual activity is blamed for its prevalence.

According to a study that spans from 2001 to 2004 conducted by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), there are about 21.2 million or 29.2% American women from ages 14 to 49 who are afflicted with bacterial vaginosis.

The data show that 84% of these women do not have symptoms of By. It also contradicts the belief that sex has anything to do with vaginosis as i8.8% of women have not experienced having oral, anal or vaginal sex are also affected with By. Its findings reveal that 25% of pregnant
women or 3 1.7% of women who had been pregnant have BV in some point of their lives.

Most women are unaware that they are having vaginosis as the symptoms are less noticeable, and often ignored due to embarrassment, thinking that the symptoms can be an STI or sexually transmitted infection. This misconception should be corrected to enable women
to find the right medication and help prevent the recurrence of BV.

There are many causes and risk factors of bacterial vaginosis that every woman must understand to avoid misdiagnosing the symptoms. After reading this article you will a greater understanding of the causes, risk factors and treatment of bacterial vaginosis.

Getting To Know Gardnerella Vaginalis

Vaginosis comes with different names. It is popularly referred to as bacterial vaginosis or By. It goes by other names such as Gardnerella vaginitis and vaginal bacteriosis. In layman’s term, vaginosis is a vaginal disease caused by overgrowth or an imbalance of bacteria that leads to excessive vaginal discharge that smells awful. The main culprit of bacterial vaginosis is none other than Gardnerella vaginalis.

However, not all cases of vaginosis are caused by the genus Gardnerella as there are other types of bacteria that stay in the vagina. Depending on the severity of the infection, the discharge may differ from white, off-white to grayish and is accompanied with a musty odor.

In some cases, symptoms are not felt by patients and the causes also vary, although it is most common in pregnant women, sexually active and women who have multiple partners, which sometimes misdiagnosed as sexually transmitted infection (STI).

What is Gardnerella vaginalis?

From the kingdom bacteria, this microscopic organism is named after its discoverer in 1955, Hermanmi L. Gardner, a noted American bacteriologist. The genus Gardnerella is made of tiny, round coccobacilli that do not have spore and non-moving anaerobic bacteria that often grow on HBT agar and chocolate agar. Before it got its present classification, it was called as Haemophilus vaginalis and later as Corynebacterium vagiiialis.

The genus Gardnerella causes vaginosis when there is a disruption of the genital microflora that results to acidity in the vaginal pH. Its presence in the vagina can be detected through urine and blood samples. In some cases, it can be present even in women without symptoms of vaginosis infection.

Although the symptoms are asymptomatic, health practitioners may find it easy to detect it based on the vaginal discharge, foul-smelling odor and irritation. This is made possible through the help of amine whiff test, where the discharge is tested by adding io% potassium
hydroxide or KOH solution to the vaginal discharge on the microscope glass slide.

If it smells fishy, it means the cause is the genus Gardnerella and not the usual suspect the Candida albicans and the Trichomonas vaginalis. The genus Candida is responsible for vaginal yeast infections while the Tric-homonas is responsible for trichomoniasis, which is a sexually transmitted disease. Washing the vagina with alkaline soap can also increase the vaginal discharge that is accompanied with a fishy smell.

The whiff test is vital in diagnosing the real cause of vaginal infection and to clearly identify the right medication to treat it as the two vaginal infections are almost similar in symptoms such as creamy vaginal discharge, burning sensation and irritation.

The health practitioner may view the sample in a microscope, where it can appear as a thin cell wall either as Gram negative cell wall or Gram positive cell wall. If found positive with vaginosis, the patient can take antibiotics such as clindamycin and metronidazole, or can use topical medicine that includes vaginal cream and gel.

How Common Does Garduerella Vaginalis Infection Occur to Women?

Gardnerella vaginalis infection is common among women who are pregnant and have an active sex life, though it can occur as young as 14 years old. It is the number one cause of vaginal infections and inflammation, affecting more than three million of the women population
per year or 6o% of women who are infected with sexually transmitted diseases (STD). The statistics may differ when it comes to the percentage of affected women.

The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey says that there are 21.2 million American women from 14 to 49 years old are affected by bacterial vaginosis or can be translated into 29.2% of the women population. Another report says that there are about 12 to 22% of women are affected with By. Sixteen percent of American women who are expecting a baby are also infected with
vaginosis.

Symptoms of Garduerella Vaginalis

As the primary cause of bacterial vaginosis, the symptoms of Gardnerella vaginalis can be asymptomatic or does not show any symptom. The symptoms include:

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal irritation
  • Fishy or musty odor
  • The discharge can be creamy, frothy gray,white or yellow green
  • Pain during urination

Treatment of Gardnerella Vaginalis

Gardnerella vaginalis can be treated with antibiotic treatment and topical medicine that have metronidazole and clindamycin contents. Most patients are cured if they take or apply the antibiotics religiously

1. Metronidazole

This antibiotic has the ability to fight the bacteria in the human body, especially in the respiratory tract, stomach, skin, joints and the female genital. It is effective in treating infection caused by Gardnerella vaginalis, but not in vaginal yeast infection caused by the Candida fungus.

Take this medicine based on the doctor’s prescription to avoid the risk of infection caused by skipping or stopping that leads to antibiotic
resistance. It is not proven effective in treating viral infection that causes influenza or common cold.

For effective use, do not take it while drinking an alcoholic beverage or even after three days of stopping the medication.

Pregnant and lactating women should not take the medication or else they will pass on the antibiotic to breast milk. If you have other symptoms such as liver disease, stomach problems, anemia and leukopenia, nerve disorder, epilepsy and seizure episodes, you have to consult your doctor before taking this medication.

Most common side-effects of taking metronidazole are:

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin redness
  • Tingly sensation

2. Clindamycin

Clindamycin is effective in treating Gardnerella vaginalis infection and other types of bacterial infection. However, an overdose of clindamycin can cause stomach problems, diarrhea, colitis, astluna attack, skin allergy or eczema. Side-effects can be prevented if you follow the doctor’s prescription and you will notice that the symptoms of Gardnerella vaginalis infection are cleared. Skipping a dose of clindamycin can result to antibiotic resistance. Avoid taking clindamycin if you have any of the following:

  • Allergic reaction to clindamycin
  • Allergic reaction to yellow food dye
  • It is taken along with eiythromycin
  • Liver and Crohn’s diseases
  • Eczema and other skin allergies
  • Allergic reaction to aspirin
  • Asthma
  • Pregnant or lactating

3. Tinidazole

Tinidazole goes by brand name Tindamax and it is used in treating bacterial vaginosis and sexually transmitted infections, including parasitic infections such as amoebiasis and giardiasis.

As an antibiotic, it is categorized as nitroimidazole, which has the ability to fight against protozoa and bacteria. Viral infections such as influenza and the common cold are ineffective when treated with tinidazole. Taking tinidazole can cause the discoloration of the urine, but it is a normal reaction. For effective use, follow the doctor’s prescription.

The most common side-effects of tinidazole are:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach upset
  • Biting taste
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dizziness
  • Vertigo
  • Stomach cramps
  • Drowsiness
  • Diarrhea

If you notice any of the side-effects, tell your gyiecologist for advice.

This section has been dedicated to genus Gardnerella, the primary cause of bacterial vaginosis and how it differs with other vaginal infections caused by the genus Candida and the genus Trichomonas. In succeeding sections , the causes, risk factors, prevention and treatment will be more closely explained and discussed in simple terms to create awerness to readers so that this bacterial vaginosis can be avoided.

What Is Bacterial Vaginosis?

Bacterial vaginosis occurs when there is an imbalance of the microflora in the vagina as the naturally occurring bacteria and some types of bacteria are disturbed. It can happen to any woman who has multiple sexual contacts, It can pregnant, too much douching in the vagina, antibioticsand using anti—birth control devices. This vaginal infection is caused by the genus Gardnerella vaginalis, which is an anaerobic organism that stays in the vagina and outnumbers the friendly bacteria or lactobacilli. The symptoms include vaginal discharge that smells fishy and oftentimes, misdiagnosed as vaginal yeast infection or sexually transmitted disease.

Prevalence of Bacterial Vaginosis

BV is a common infection in women with Afro-American ethnicity, which is about 51% of the women population and with Mexican—American ethnicity, which is about 32% of the women population. White women only comprise about 23% of the population. Eighty-four percent of women have BV without experiencing symptoms while i8.8% of women afflicted with BV have not even tried oral, anal or vaginal sex.

It is also common with women who have experienced pregnancy, which comprise about 31.7% of their population and 25% are pregnant women or a ratio of 1:5. The statistics may vary depending on the institution involved in the study. It can occur in women who are in
their reproductive age from early adolescence until their 50s. It is not so common in both European and Asian countries.

In the United States, women from early teens to late 405 can have BV, which is represented by about 30% of their population. It can be noted that the first case of bacterial vaginosis was documented in 1894.

Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis

Like yeast infections and sexually transmitted infection, bacterial vaginosis can occur when the vaginal pH becomes an alkaline environment. This may happen when the good bacteria are disturbed due to several factors that lead the anaerobic bacteria, particularly the Gardnerella vaginalis to populate the genital, though there is no definite explanation as the real causes of bacterial imbalance. Anaerobic bacteria can survive in the vagina without oxygen. Researchers have identified the common causes of bacterial vaginosis that may differ from one person to another.

Common causes are:

  • Douching
  • Multiple sexual partner
  • Having new sexual partner
  • Pregnancy
  • Unsafe sex
  • Have anal, oral and vaginal sex

Contributing Factors of BV:

  • Poor hygiene that cause the E. coli bacteria from the anus to reach the vagina.
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Antibiotic use
  • Poor health
  • Humid weather
  • Menopause
  • Diabetes
  • You have Afro-Carribean ethnicity
  • Use of intrauterine device for birth control
  • Previous history of BV and STI

Common Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis

Even though some cases of bacterial vaginosis are asymptomatic and caused by atypical bacteria, the most common symptoms are the following:

  • Vaginal discharge accompanied with fishy odor
  • Vaginal discharge that ranges from white, yellow, gray or creamy in color
  • Vaginal itching
  • Foul-smelling vaginal discharge after sex

Other Symptoms of BV:

  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Fever

It should be noted that the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis and the vaginal discharge may differ from one person to another. Women who observe the changes in their vaginal discharge should consult a gynecologist while it is still early to treat the condition and prevent its recurrence.

Complications of Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis that is left untreated because of ignorance and fear may lead to complications such as:

1. Complicated Pregnancy

One in every five pregnant women may have bacterial vaginosis that can affect their unborn baby, including low birth weight and premature
birth as the infection may cause rupture of the bag of water.

2. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

PID can occur when the reproductive system is inflamed due to bacteria caused by Gardnerella vaginalis. Its complication may lead to ectopic pregnancy or the fetus is implanted outside the uterus; and infertility.

3. Hysterectomy & Abortion

Infection is most common in women who have a surgical procedure in their reproductive system such as uterus, fallopian tube and removal of mvoma and cyst. The infection may also lead to miscarriage.

4. Risks of contracting STD and HIV-AIDS

Wo1nen who have BV have a greater risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases and HIV-AIDS that is passed on to them by their sexual partner. These infections include:

Chlamydia: This sexually transmitted infection can cause damage to the female reproductive system, making it impossible to get pregnant. Men and women can get chlamydia from their partners. Other complications of chlamydia are ectopic pregnancy or the infection can be passed on to the newly born baby.

Trichomoniasis: This STD can infect men and women during sexual intercourse. The parasite infects the lower genital tract that includes the vagina, vulva and the urethra in women. In men, the parasite infects the male urethra or the inside of the penis. It can be transmitted from the vagina to the penis or the other way around.

Gonorrhea: The main culprit of this infection is the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea that thrives in the dark and moist part of the reproductive tract of men and women. The complications of gonorrhea are ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility and infection to the fetus. It can also infect the other parts of the body, such as mouth, eyes, throat, anus, bones, and blood that can lead to death.

Genital Herpes: The main culprit of this STD is the herpes simplex virus that has two types of strains such as HSV-1 and HSV-2. Common symptoms of HSV-1 are fever, blisters on the lips and in some cases in the genital when the cause is sexual contact. The symptoms of HSV-2 include watery skin blisters around and within the vagina or penis and the anus. The virus stays in the nerve cell of the body. Its complications include infection to the newly-born baby that may affect the brain, skin and vital organs.

Syphilis: This STD is caused by the genus Treponema pallidum, a bacterium that infects the person through oral, vaginal and anal sex. Syphilis may also affect other organs in the body as in the case of secondary syphilis and can be life-threatening as in the case of tertiary syphilis that affects the brain, nerves and eyes. Other complications include stillbirth, miscarriage, and infection to the fetus and after childbirth. Congenital syphilis can affect the motor and speech development and nerves. It can also cause skeletal deformity, anemia, liver disease and seizure.

Diagnosing Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis should not be confused as a vaginal yeast infection or STI. It is easy to identify if the cause of the vaginal discharge is the Gardnerella vaginalis or other type of anaerobic bacteria through various tests.

Women are advised to take swift action if they notice an abnormality of their vaginal discharge other than what they call white blood. They have to report this to their vaginal discharge other than what the call white blood. They have to report this to their doctor and be ready to answer some questions to help identify if the infection is an STI, mild or severe. The doctor will test the patient if they are at risk of vaginal infections such as:

  • Pregnancy and maififest some symptoms
  • Hysterectomy (removal of ovary or fallopian tube
  • Surgical abortion
  • Have symptoms of vaginal infections

Tests and Exams to Diagnose BV

  • Whiff test

This method is performed by getting a vaginal fluid sample and mixed it with 10% of the KOH liquid solution. When it releases a disgusting
odor or fishy smell, there is no doubt that there is a bacterial vaginosis.

Pelvic exam

The gynecologist will perform a pelvic examination to see the condition of the cervix and vaginal lining. The health practitioner will
examine if the cervix is soft or hard as the tenderness can help identify the medical condition.

Manual exam

During the manual examination, the gynecologist will collect a sample from the female genital to check if there is an infection caused by gonorrhea or chiamydia. The sample is examined using a microscope. If the doctor sees clue cells, which are vaginal cells that are covered with the atypical bacteria, the diagnosis is a bacterial vagmosis.

Vaginal pH

During the microscopic viewing, the doctor will find out that the lactobacilli are outnumbered the Gardnerella bacteria. The normal vaginal pH ranges from 3.8 to 4.5. If it is more than 4.5 it means that there is a bacterial vaginosis.

Oligonucleotide probe

This test is performed to identify and match the DNA or RNA sequence of the bacteria responsible in causing the vaginal infection. So far, the
accuracy of oligonucleotide probe testing is proven accurate, though this is not always available in some hospital laboratories.

Wet mount

This test is performed by mixing the vaginal discharge sample with an ordinary salt solution and mounts it on the microscope slide. The medical practitioner will see what type of bacteria has infected the vaginal by observing the clue cells that covers the white blood cells. It signifies bacterial vaginosis if there are clue cells in the discharge.

Is bacterial vaginosis a communicable disease?

Researchers have a hard time assessing the real causes of bacterial vaginosis and the transmissibility of the anaerobic bacteria to individuals is not clearly understood. This is because celibate and even virgin women may also experience bacterial vaginosis.

Therefore, it is not only sex with multiple partners that can cause this disease, it can occur in women who have never had sex in their lives. The spread of anaerobic bacteria surely can start from an infected woman to her female sex partner as in the case of same sex relationships.

Since it is a vaginal infection, men cannot contract the infection. The bacteria are not transmitted to public toilets, swimming pools, door knobs, a computer mouse and microphones.

Can menopausal women get bacterial vaginosis?

Yes, women whose menstrual cycle has stopped cannot escape from getting bacterial vaginosis, but this seldom happens. Studies say that BV is common to women who are in their reproductive age.

Routine Questions from the Doctor

For women who are exposed to bacterial vaginosis or sexually transmitted infections, it always pays to listen to your doctor. Be attentive to what the gynecologist is asking and answer the routine questions honestly. Remember that medical practitioners live by their oath that what you revealed to them remains a secret. Do not hesitate to answer the following questions:

  • How long have you been complaining about this?
  • Do you have a vaginal discharge?
  • What is the color of the vaginal discharge?
  • Does it smell fishy or musty?
  • Do you douche?
  • How often do you douche?
  • How many times you wash your vagina?
  • Do you wash it with soap or spray with fragrances?
  • Do you have multiple sexual partners?
  • How often do you change sexual partner?
  • Do you have sex with a fellow female partner?
  • Do you use intrauterine device or IUD?
  • Is your partner using a condom?
  • Are you pregnant?
  • Do you have lower back pain?
  • Do you have a history of STD or STI?
  • Are you exposed to an HIV-positive partner?
  • Are you exposed to a partner infected with STI?
  • Is your vagina itchy?
  • Do you have painful urination?
  • Have you had a previous vaginal infection?
  • Do you smoke?
  • Is your partner circumcised?

Why Call a Doctor

Women are advised to call a doctor when they notice a vaginal discharge that is accompanied by fishy odor. There are over-the-counter medications and home treatment that can be used to remedy the problem, but it pays to listen to a professional to avoid its recurrence.

Here are the reasons why it is necessary to visit a doctor:

  • You are pregnant
  • You are pregnant and have exposure to STI and HIV
  • You are unsure of the infection.
  • If it is your first time to have a vaginal infection.
  • The vaginal discharge is foul-smelling.
  • The symptoms are increasing even after taking antibiotics.
  • You have a bisexual relationship.
  • Your male partner has an STD.
  • Your male partner is not wearing a condom.
  • The inflamation and vaginal discharge are getting worse.
  • You have lost your self-confidence. Prevention & Treatment Of Bacterial
  • It is affecting your relationship with Vaginosis other people.
  • If you reach the pre or post-menopausal perio
  • You have anal sex

Prevention and Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is not difficult to diagnose as long as the patient is willing to submit for a whiff test, pelvic exam and manual exam. The gynecologist will perform any of the exams to determine the type of vaginal infection that the patient has. Based on the sample taken from the vaginal discharge, the health practitioner can identify the bacteria involved in the infection, which is already discussed in the previous section .

Tips on Preventing BV

There are some cases of bacterial vaginosis that may cure on their own without being noticed. This does not mean that women should be complacent about its consequence as it may lead to complications in pregnant women such as abortion and hysterectomy. To avoid its recurrence, the patient should take antibiotics as prescribed by the doctor and avoid skipping the medication as it may lead to antibiotic resistance. It is reported that recurrence of BV may happen months after Here are some tips to prevent bacterial vaginosis:

  • Have a monogamous relationship
  • Use condoms if sex cannot be avoided
  • Avoid vaginal douching
  • Wash and dry the vagina from front to back
  • Wear cotton and not synthetic underwear
  • Wear loose pants to allow air circulation in the crotch area
  • Seek medical help if there is vaginal discharge
  • Follow the doctor’s prescription
  • For same sex relationships, wash sex toys after using

Bacterial vaginosis is preventable if women and their sex partners use precautionary measures. Although is it not classified as a sexually transmitted infection, exposing yourself with a partner with STI may start the infection. Its effect on the infected person is disturbing and may affect her normal movement as the vaginal discharge can emit a strong odor.

Antibiotics for Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis can be treated with antibiotics, but recurrence cannot be avoided after the patient is completely treated. One-third of BV cases have been resolved without taking medications. It you happen to experience any symptoms seek medical help to avoid complications in the future.

Metronidazole: It comes in gel and pill forms. The pill tastes metallic with some common side-effects while the gel does not
have side effects, except in some cases where it can trigger candidiasis. It can be bought as a prescription medicine that carries brand name such as Flagyl and Metro Gel-Vaginal.

Clindamycin: This antibiotic is proven effective in treating bacterial infection. The use of clindamycin cream is not advisable for sexual partners who are using diaphragms and condoms as the oil content in the gel may cause them to break. You may not be protected from pregnancy or STI.

Tinidazole: Take tinidazole with a full stomach as it can cause stomach upset. It can be taken in a single dose or once a day for a period of two to five days depending on the severity of the infection. If you are taking other medications such as colestipol or choistyramine, take tinidazole two hours after for proper absorption. It can be bought in brand name Tindamax.

Over-the-Counter Medications for BV:

There are no proven therapeutic effects when taking OTCs and taking them without the approval from a doctor may only worsen the infection. It is important that women, who are manifesting the symptoms of bacterial vaginosis or STI, should seek medical help to cure the infections. Antibiotics are proven effective in treating BV if the direction is strictly followed by the patient. Misuse, skipping and stopping the antibiotics without the doctor’s approval may result in recurrence.

When to Seek Medical Help?

Most cases of bacterial vaginosis are hard to detect and differentiated from candidiasis and trichomoniasis as the former may mimic the symptoms, it is advisable that women should refer their problem to a medical practitioner for proper diagnosis and avoid self-medication.

Call the doctor if you have any of the following:

  • You are expecting a baby and have symptoms of vaginal infection.
  • You have vaginal discharge with unusual color and odor.
  • You have pain in the upper part of your vagina.
  • You have a fever of over than 38.3°C or 100.94 °F and accompanied with vaginal discharge.
  • You have a vaginal itching and irritation during urination.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.
  • You have vaginal discharge that smells fishy after sex.
  • You have a history of STI and By.
  • You have vaginal bleeding that is different from a menstruation.
  • Pain in the abdomen.
  • You have or about to undergo surgical abortion or hysterectomy.
  • You are HIV-infected with symptoms of vaginal infection.

Medical practitioners to see:

If you have experienced any of the above symptoms or you are at risk of having a vaginal infection, seek immediate medical attention. Delays in seeking medical help may lead to further complications, especially if you are expecting a baby. These medical practitioners are licensed and they have background or have specialization in women’s health.

  • Obstetricians/Gynecologists
  • Family medicine doctors
  • Nurses
  • Internists
  • Midwives
  • Medical technicians
  • General practitioners

Note that the gynecologists are placed above the other health practitioners because of their expertise in women’s health and care. They are the most reliable professionals to see as they can give proper diagnosis and treatment for vaginal infections including candidiasis, STI and bacterial vaginosis. Most gynecologists have combined training in obstetric medicine. Obstetricians are professionals who are trained in handling pregnancy, childbirth, maternal health and post-partum period.

Pregnancy and Vaginosis

Pregnant women are prone to have bacterial vaginosis that could lead to miscarriage and complications after surgery related to their reproductive system. It is estimated that about io% to 30% of expectant mothers will have BV during pregnancy. This can happen when there is an imbalance of the microflora in the vagina.

Microflora is defined as a community of various microorganisms such as friendly bacteria, anaerobic bacteria, fungus and germs that are found in a specific location of the body.

The vagina serves as the haven for both the microorganisms, including the genus Candida that is responsible for yeast infections and the Gardnerella vaginalis that is responsible for some cases of bacterial vaginosis. Vaginosis is not actually caused by sexual contact, though it can trigger the BV as in the case of having a sexual partner who has multiple sexual contacts.

How to Detect Bacterial Vaginosis during Pregnancy?

The symptoms of BV are pretty obvious as the discharge is a bit grayish or whitish that is accompanied with a disgusting or fishy odor. Some women may not be able to know that they are having vaginosis because the symptoms are asymptomatic or does not show symptoms at all.

Does Bacterial Vaginosis Affect the Pregnancy?

Premature labor is sometimes linked to bacterial vaginosis as the infection becomes worse and affecting the unborn baby, or if not it may result to low birth weight. The bacteria that cause vaginosis may penetrate to the membranes, resulting to rupture of the bag of water.

Screening for Bacterial Vaginosis

Pregnant women who do not manifest bacterial vaginosis may not submit to a screening. If you suspect of having BV while pregnant or are at risk of preterm labor, you can talk to your doctor and discuss your concern regarding vaginosis. The health care provider can initiate
the screening and there is no reason to fear as this cannot cause harm to your unborn baby.

Miscarriage and complications during pregnancy can be avoided if there is a screening for early intervention if in case there is a bacterial vaginosis. Most of the time, the doctor may not screen their patients during their first prenatal checkup. It is important that high-risk patients should be screened so they can take the proper medication to kill the bacteria.

Treatment for Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnant Women

Pregnant women who are at risk of contracting bacterial vaginosis should consult their enecologist so they can be advised on what medications to use. Second trimester miscarriage can occur in women who are afflicted with bacterial vaginosis, although there is no definite explanation as the exact reason.

Pregnant women who are diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis are advised to take antibiotics that are safe to use during pregnancy. The antibiotics play an important role in killing the bad bacteria in the vagina, though it is not assured if the infection will not return as there are nearly 30 percent of females who complain of having a recurrence after three months or so. If there is a recurrence, tell your doctor the soonest possible.

Medications to treat BV for pregnant women include:

1. Oral medications – This includes antibiotics such as:

  • Clindamvcin
  • Metronidazole
  • Tinidazole

Note that antibiotics should be taken within seven to prevent antibiotic resistance.

2. Topical Medications-This can either be in a gel or cream form that includes:

  • Clindamycin
  • Metronidazole

What the doctor should recommend:

  • Pregnant women who are infected with HIV should be screened for bacterial vaginosis during their first prenatal checkup.
  • Recommendation for treatment for HIV infected expectant mothers showing symptomatic vaginosis.
  • Recommendation for treatment for HIV infected expectant mothers showing no symptoms of BV, but with a history of premature delivery.

Recommended Dosage for the Treatment of BV in HIV-infected Pregnant Women:

  • Metrouidazole-500 milligrams to be taken orally 2x a day (PO bid) for seven days.
  • Metrouidazole-250 milligrams to be taken orally 3x a day (PO bid) for seven days.
  • Clmdaiuycin—300 milligrams to be taken orally 2x a day (PO bid) for seven days seven days

Note that pregnant women should abstain from drinking alcoholic beverages to avoid contraindication while taking metronidazole. Clindamycin cream a day (PO bid) for seven day’s application during the second trimester is often linked to neonatal infection and low birth weight. Clindamycin cream is not recommended to treat BV for pregnant  women who are infected with HIV. It is advisable that they take the oral medications as recommended above.

Recommended Dosage for the Treatment of BV in HIV-infected Non-Pregnant Women:

  • Metronidazole-500 milligrams to be taken Or orally 2X a day (PO bid) for seven days.
  • Metronidazole gel-Apply 0.75% or one full Or applicator into the vagina, once a day for five days
  • Metronidazole-25o milligrams to be taken orally 3X a day (PO tid) for seven days.
  • Clindamycin cream-Apply 2% or one full applicator into the vagina at bedtime for seven days.
  • Clindamycin—300 milligrams to be taken orally 2x a day (PO bid) for seven days seven dys

Effects of Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnant Women

There are many reasons why pregnant women should have a screening and be treated with antibiotics if they are  showing signs of bacterial vaginosis.

Here’s why:

  • It may lead to premature labor (PPROM).
  • It increases the risk of a low birth weight baby.
  • It increases urinary tract infections during and after pregnancy.
  • It is usually the cause of second-trimester miscarriage.
  • It is linked to pelvic inflammatory disease or PID.
  • It leads to infections after the surgical procedure related to the reproductive system.
  • Susceptibility to STI such as syphilis, herpes, chlamydia, HIV and gonorrhea if your male partner is involved with different sexual partners.

Prevention for Pregnant Women:

  • Do not smoke
  • Practice safe sex
  • Do not douche
  • Avoid using feminine hygiene and fragrances
  • Wear cotton underwear

Home Treatment For Bacterial Vaginosis

Some women are unaware that their vagina is a favorite haven for both friendly and bad bacteria. These bacteria come in different forms and when there is a disturbance in the microflora of the female genital, a vaginal infection may occur.

Among these infections is the bacterial vaginosis or BV. It is a common infection in women of reproductive age ranging from early teens to early 50s. It can happen when the lactobacilli are outnumbered or the vaginal pH level goes beyond 4-5.

Antibiotics are prescribed by doctors to their patient, and if they are taken religiously can cure the infection. But there is no guarantee that the infection will never return as there are cases when the infection recurs within 12 months after the treatment.

What are the home remedies for BV?

Health authorities do not recommend home treatment for bacterial infections, as they believe that only antibiotics in gel or pill forms can fully fight the bacteria. Taking probiotic tablets cannot cure BV because it is not caused by yeasts. But advocates for alternative medicine believe that taking Lactobacillus acidophilus probiotic tablets can really get rid of this infection as they help balance the pH level in tile female genital. Aside from tile probiotics, there are other home remedies believed to cure and prevent bacterial vaginosis.

Take a peek at the list and how they are used:

1. Garlic: There is no doubt that garlic is an effective antibiotic fresh from the garden. It does not only treat a bacterial infection, but it can also fight against virus and fungus. There are three ways to use garlic for treating By. Tile first one is to swallow one or two cloves of garlic with one glass of water.

The second way is to apply crushed garlic about three to four cloves on tile vaginal area and let it stay for less than 30 minutes. Wash it with lukewarm water, but do not use soap. Repeat this process daily until the infection is gone.

The third option is to crush one clove of garlic and wrap it with gauze. Apply it in on the affected area; leave it for less than 30 minutes as it can burn the skin. Do this after a bath daily for several weeks to months or until the infection is gone.

2. Tree Tea Oil: The oil from tea tree is proven effective in treating fungal and bacterial infections that cause several types of skin diseases such as herpes, ringworm, acne as well as in treating vaginal infections. It helps remove the bacteria that cause the infection and it also eradicates the fishy smell in the vaginal discharge.

Make a solution of tea tree oil drops in a small bowl of hot water. Wash the vagina using this solution daily for several weeks. You can also mix a few drops of the oil and three cups of vinegar and add this to your bath water. Soak the body with this solution for 30 minutes.

Repeat this process every other day for several weeks to months, or until such time that the infection is cured.

3. Apple Cider Vinegar: The bad bacteria cannot survive when you regularly use the apple cider vinegar as it helps improve the vaginal pH level. Mix your bath water with about two cups of the vinegar and sit in the water for less than 30 minutes. Pat the mixture onto the vagina. Repeat this daily for several weeks to months.

4. Milk & Yogurt: Dairy products contain lactobacilli bacteria that are essential in improving the pH level of the vagina. Both products are effective in preventing vaginosis and improve the immune system. Dip a cotton ball with either milk or yogurt and dab it on the affected area. Leave it there for two hours. It is advisable to do it at bedtime while your body is rested. Rinse the vagina with lukewarm water before sleeping. Repeat the process daily for weeks to months. Aside from using the milk and yogurt as topical medicine, drink a glass of milk daily or two cups of yogurt every day.

It is advisable to do it at bedtime while your body is rested. Rinse the vagina with lukewarm water before sleeping. Repeat the process daily for weeks to months. Aside from using the milk and yogurt as topical medicine, drink a glass of milk daily or two cups of yogurt every day.

5. Coconut Oil: Truly, coconut lives by its name as the tree of life. It is not only a good source of food and raw materials for handicraft; it is a natural antibacterial, antifungal and antiviraL These healing properties make it useful in treating bacterial vaginosis and prevent its recurrence.

You can use extra virgin oil or organic coco oil and apply it to the vaginal area at least thrice a day for several days to weeks. You can use an
organic tampon soaked with coconut oil and insert it on the vulva for a few hours. Remove the tampon and rinse with lukewarm vater. Do this once a day for several weeks. Eat food cooked in coconut milk as a good source of nutrition to boost the immune system.

6. Fenugreek Seeds: Fenugreek helps hasten the healing process and improves the vaginal pH level. Drink a glass of water with two tablespoons of its seeds soaked overnight when you get up in the morning. For better absorption, drink this with an empty stomach daily for four weeks.

For variation, you can mix a teaspoon of seeds with a cup of warm water. Leave it there for five to seven minutes, strain the mixture. Enhance
the flavor by adding a teaspoon of honey. Drink it twice or thrice a day. Do not worry; there are no side-effects when you drink more cups of
fenugreek tea.

7. Oregano oil: Oregano is a natural antifungal and antibacterial. It is a common home remedy for treating common cold and cough because of its ability to fight virus and bacterial including bacterial vaginosis. For the treatment of By, make a solution of one tablespoon of olive oil and three drops of oregano oil and dab it using cotton on the affected area. Let it stay for two hours daily. You can also try mixing three drops of the oil into a glass of lukewarm water, and drink it once a day.

8. Tea Bags: Teas have medicinal properties and drinking a cup of tea everyday can help reduce cardiovascular stroke and other lifestyle diseases. This is because the tannins in every bag of tea contain various nutrients to keep the body healthy. The tea bag can help reduce swelling, itching and irritation caused by viral, fungal and bacterial infection.

For effective use in treating bacterial vaginosis, soak it in hot water for ten to 15 minutes and chill it for a few minutes. Apply the cold tea bag on the vaginal area to remove the itching. Do this at least three to four times a day until the infection is completely gone.

9. Neem: This tree goes by different names such as Indian lilac, margosa and nimtree. Aside from its effectiveness as mosquito repellant, it is laden with antifungal and antibacterial properties that are responsible in relieving soreness, inflammation and itching.

For effective use in treating By, heat several leaves of neem without adding water. Let it cool and grind the leaves. Make a neem paste by
mixing two teaspoons of its powder and a few drops of water. Apply it on the affected area and let it stay for 30 minutes. Rinse it with lukewarm water twice a day for several weeks.

10. Hydrogen Peroxide: This chemical compound is proven effective in eliminating bad bacteria and inflammatory agents that cause infections in the body, particularly the bacterial vaginosis. It restores the normal pH level in the vagina by eliminating the genus Gardnerella vaginalis and all forms of bacteria that cause the vaginal infections.

For effective use, mix 3% of H2o2 with equal amount of water and use it for washing the vagina instead of ordinary water. You can use an organic tampon coated with hydrogen peroxide and insert it into the vulva. Leave it on for half an hour, daily until the odor is totally eliminated.

11. Echinacea: The roots, flowers and leaves of echinacea herb have medicinal properties to fight fungus, yeasts, bacteria and virus that cause several illnesses in humans. It is also taken as a food supplement to improve the body’s immune system and in healing the bacterial infection. You can boil the leaves and roots of Echinacea and dab the solution onto the vagina to remove the inflammation and pain.

12. Boric acid: Boric acid goes with several monikers such as acidum boricum, hydrogen borate, orthoboric acid and boracic acid. This compound is a natural antiseptic and it is also used as an ingredient in the manufacturing of insecticide. As an antiseptic, it eliminates the foul odor from the vagina due to bacterial vaginosis and other infections. It restores the pH balance of the microflora of the vagina by making it more acidic from alkaline.

For effective use, insert the boric acid capsule into the vulva or you can make a homemade capsule by putting the pulverized boric acid inside the gel capsules that you can buy at drugstores. There are available boric acid suppositories that are sold online or at drugstores.

13. Calendula: Calendula flower is not only effective in preventing muscle spasms, it is used as a pain reliever and antiseptic. It is known to remove swelling and heals wounds faster. The flower is applied to the affected skin, varicose veins, eyelid and rectum. For treating vaginosis, boil several flowers of calendula for 5 minutes until the water becomes dark. Apply the calendula mixture in the vaginal area with cotton and rub it gently. It removes swelling and pain due to infection.

14. Black Walnut: It is a natural antiseptic and it is effective in killing parasites in the body. It is also used to treat STI, diphtheria and in some cases in the prevention of leukemia. Its solution is used as gargle, hair dye and as a tincture. The tannins in black walnuts are responsible for reducing pain, inflammation and drying up mucous. It is effective in treating bacterial vaginosis by applying it to the vaginal area.

15. Goldenseal: This perennial herb that is endemic to the eastern part of the United States and Canada is known for its therapeutic properties. It can be used as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, laxative, oxvtocic, ant catarrhal, hepatic and alterative. It can be taken orally or as an external medicine.

There are available drugs and food supplements with high contents of golden seal and can be bought in the form of tablet, salve, powder, capsule and tincture. Use the tincture for treating the bacterial vaginosis or take it orally to remove the inflammation.

16. Citrus Fruits: Drink citrus fruit drinks to boost your immune system as a defense against further infection brought by bacterial vaginosis.

17. Guava Leaves: Sit on warm water with a mixture of boiled guava leaves for fast relief of bacterial vagmosis. Guava leaves are very effective in reducing swelling and pain. Boil 13 young leaves of guava in a glass of water for seven to ten minutes. Use it as a tincture by dabbing it Sexually Transmitted Diseases, HIV & with cotton and rub it gently on the vagina.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases, HIV & Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is a woman’s disease that can either manifest symptoms or not. It is a disruption in the gut flora of the vagina when there are more concentrations of anaerobic bacteria, protozoa, mycoplasmas and the main culprit genus Gardnerella vaginalis. Though it is not fully understood as to why the increase of bacteria can increase the vaginal pH level, infection caused by BV can progress into a sexually transmitted infection especially in lesbian relationships.

Normally, the pH level should only be 3.8 to 4.5, and if it is over the desired range, the excretion of vaginal fluid that smells fishy will rapidly increase. Its occurrence is common among women with same sex relationship, pregnant women and with more than sexual partner or the partner is carrying the bacteria from an infected woman.

Oftentimes, it is associated with sexually transmitted disease and HIV, but it does not mean that a woman with BV can be HIV-positive or has an STI.

What happens when an HIV-infected woman has a bacterial vaginosis?

There is no big difference as to the characteristics of bacterial vaginosis when it infects an HIV-positive woman or a non-HIV infected woman. This is because bacterial vaginosis is asymptomatic even to an HIV infected pregnant and non—pregnant woman.

The only telltale sign of BV is it emits vaginal discharge that smells fishy. The discharge becomes eminent during monthly period and after sex as the fluid mixes with the male semen apart from the high level of vaginal pH.

Trichomoniasis and vaginal yeast infections do not manifest foul odor during menses and after sexual intercourse. There are some cases when endocervicitis may occur because of bacterial vaginosis.

Endocervicitis happens when there is an inflammation of the lining of the uterine cervix. If endocervicitis is accompanied with pus, it needs immediate evaluation as this can be a sign of sexually transmitted disease such as chlamydia and gonorrhea.

Bacterial vaginosis may recur in both patients with or without HIV infection and this needs prompt medical attention to remove its disturbing effects on the person. Take a look at the characteristics of BV in both HIV infected and HIV negative individual.

  • It can stay longer in HIV positive pregnant woman.
  • It can manifest severe effects on HIV positive woman.
  • Dosage for both HW-infected and non-HIV infected women are the same.
  • Prevalence remains the same for both types of patients in some ethnicities.
  • Its recurrence can occur within six to 12 months after treatment to both HIV-infected and non—HIV-infected women.

Management of BV with HIV Exposures between Sexual Partners:

Although bacterial vaginosis is not contagious and it is not a sexually transmitted infection, it can trigger STI and HW if one partner is exposed to an infected sexual partner.

Aside from assessing the cause of infection through routine questions and series of tests, the medical practitioner has to evaluate the exposures to HIV and STI to partners and the possibility of contracting other forms of sexually transmitted infections.

After the diagnoses, the practitioner should recommend medications to patients with BV to determine if they are positive with either HIV or STI. For HIV positive patients, the clinician should make a confirmatory testing before declaring that they are sick with Human
Immunodeficiency Virus.

Educating Patients with BV:

Education is a key towards achieving awareness in patients that are showing signs of BV or have asymptomatic symptoms who are involved with a non-HIV or an HIV-positive partner. The symptoms of HIV are the following:

  • Rashes accompanied with fever
  • Lymphadenopathy or presence of lymph nodes
  • Myalgia or muscle pains
  • Sore throat

Recommendations by Clinicians:

Sexual partners with an exposure to STI/HIV for more than 36 hours should immediately submit for a post-exposure prophylaxis therapy. This is administered after HIV testing to ensure that it does not progress into AIDS or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. PEP is a preventive clinical treatment that is offered to patients after their exposure to a virus or pathogen that cause the infection.

Advice On Post Bacterial Vaginosis Health

Bacterial vaginosis can recur even after the treatment is over. There is no clear explanation why this happens. Research says that one-third or even one-half of women who have taken their antibiotics in a prescribed period have experienced recurrence of BV within six months to a year. Non-pregnant women do not need to undergo a test after their treatment, but pregnant women should go back to their doctors’ clinic to have a test. This is to ensure that the bacterial vaginosis is no longer present. They have to cooperate with their gynecologist by submitting to a test to get a sample of their vaginal discharge.

Managing Recurrence of BV

Some women are prone to get bacterial vaginosis more often. If you are among this group, it is always recommended that you should have a test to know if the infection is totally cured. The swab test should be taken if there are disturbing symptoms in your genital such as vaginal discharge that releases a foul odor. Delaying the test can be costly as the infection progresses.

The swab test is important to have confirmation if the cause of annoyance is an infection caused by the Gardnerella vaginalis or the genus Candida. Clinicians are advising women with recurrence of bacterial vaginosis symptoms to seek medical help. They can consult an internist, a nurse or a gynecologist to have a peace of mind.

The recurrence may be earlier than expected say for example, two months or three months instead of six to 12 months as the usual case. One of the reasons why it recurs is not following the doctor’s prescription or the treatment does not work for them. Reinfection is triggered if the dosage is skipped or there is a double dose to make up the missed dose. Infected female partner of same sex relationships should be treated to stop the recurrence.

Getting Rid of Vaginal Odor

Vaginal odor caused by infections due to disruption of the gut flora can be embarrassing. Some women are hesitant to have a checkup as they fear that the odor can be smelled by their doctor. BV odor is extremely bad and no amount of washing can remove it completely. The odor is
difficult to handle during menstruation and after sex. This makes some women conscious and insecure. Some of them stop socializing and they rather keep a distance from their friends for fear that the odor becomes obvious. They have to use feminine hygiene products and douche their vagina to eliminate the odor, but the infection is still there. There are some simple things that women must do to reduce the vaginal odor without resorting to feminine wash.

Step 1: Proper hygiene-Unlike men, the female genital has its natural odor that can be triggered when there is a bacterial infection caused by several factors. Hygiene should be a regular routine but do not overdo it as the microflora of the vagina is disrupted because the pH level increases. Too much washing may result to yeast infections and vaginosis as the bad bacteria overpower the good bacteria.

Wash the vagina from front to back and not the other way around. Pat it dry with a clean towel as microorganisms love to stay in moist areas. Use hypoallergenic soap for your morning bath and before bedtime. You can rinse the vagina with plain water every visit to the bathroom.

Step 2: Avoid using vaginal sprays, fragrances and douching to clean the vagina as they can trigger the disruption of the vaginal pH level. If there is already a vaginal discharge with fishy odor, try using the home remedies mentioned in the other section of this article.

Step 3: Wear loose-fitting pants and underwear made of 100% cotton. Nylon and synthetic underwear and pantyhose should be avoided as they are non-absorbent.

Step 4: Avoid using tampons and panty liners as they can increase the bad bacteria in the vagina. Make it a habit to change underwear when it is soaked with vaginal discharge. Rinse your underwear properly to eliminate the soap that can possibly irritate the vagina.

Step 5: Hygiene should not only comes from you, but let your male partner wash his genital and have him wear a condom before sexual intercourse. This does not only prevent bacterial vaginosis, it can also prevent urinary tract infections and STI.

Step 6: Stop smoking

Step 7: Take Vitamin C and D supplements to boost your immune system. Ask your doctor for exact dosage as too much Vitamin C can be bad to your kidneys.

Step 8: Set an appointment with your doctor. When you notice a whitish or grayish discharge with foul-smelling odor, you have to visit the doctor immediately to prevent further complications especially if you are expecting a baby.

Diet for Bacterial Vaginosis

When there is inflammation of the vagina with odorous vaginal discharge, it is definitely a bacterial vaginosis and not a simple case of a bacterial yeast infection. Although both infections are oftentimes caused by disturbance in the vaginal pH balance as more bad bacteria thrives in the genital than the good bacteria. Upon diagnosing the health issue, the medical practitioner will prescribe antibiotics to kill the bacteria.

Alternative health practitioners believe that diet has something to do with the prevention and control of bacterial vaginosis. This concept is not acceptable in the medical world because clinicians do not link certain diets that can contribute to BV.

But as the saying that goes, there is no harm in trying dietary changes. Changing the diet may help in preventing the infection and may help treat an existing condition and its possible recurrence.

Foods to Eat to Prevent Bacterial Vaginosis

1. Lactobacillus acidophilus: LA is a friendly bacterium that is needed in the body to maintain a healthy pH level. When the pH level is more than 4.5, it signifies that there is abnormality in the gut flora that results to vaginal infections. Whether it is candidiasis or vaginosis, lactobacillus supplements should be taken to avoid bacterial infections. Foods that contain this friendly bacterium, such as yogurt, milk with acidophulus and kefir cai bring back the vaginal ecosystem balance.

Women who include Lactobacillus acidophilus LA in their diet are less likely to have vaginal infections according to a report by The Health Professional’s Guide to Popular Dietary Supplements.

2. Garlic: It has been mentioned several times that garlic is a natural antibiotic. Take a clove of minced garlic daily to prevent infections in the body. Be sure to add garlic to your fried rice and sautéed dishes. Garlic taste better when cooked. It is only a state of mind that garlic produces bad breath since the odor that it releases from the mouth is very different from the mouth odor caused by cavities and ulcers. You can concoct a garlic soup with vegetables for variation.

3. Teas: Tea is an ancient Chinese medicinal drink that is sourced from the dried leaves of anevergreen shrub called Camellia sinensis. Today teas can be made at home using different herbs and among them is echinacea to treat bacterial vaginosis. Aside from using it as antiseptic, it can be drunk as tea. Make it a habit to drink tea instead of drinking coffee or carbonated drinks. Drink tea without adding sugar.

4. Flaxseeds: These seeds can be used as external and internal medicine. For internal use, soak the seeds overnight and drink it the following morning as a tea. For external use, you can use it as oil extract or compress by applying it to the vaginal area. It is effective in other uses such as treatment for common colds, fever, eye sores, respiratory illness, gout and rheumatism.

5. Whole grains: They are great sources of nutrition and in preventing hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and inflammation caused by bacterial vaginosis. Eat plenty of whole grain foods to keep the immune system healthy.

6. Drink plenty of water: Tater is an effective detoxifier and if you are suffering from bacterial vaginosis and yeast infections, it can help flush out the bacteria from your vagina. Drink eight to ten glasses of water daily to eliminate the bacteria aid keep you hydrated.

7. Fruits & Vegetables: These foods contain dietary fiber that helps flush out the toxins and bad bacteria in the body. They are great sources of Vitamin C and other nutrients needed to improve the immune system.

Foods to Avoid:

  • Sugar: This can aggravate the infection. The more sugar your body has, the more bacteria thrive ill the vagina.
  • Coffee: Too much caffeine in the body can also halt the effectiveness of antibiotics.
  • Alcohol: Medications for bacterial vaginosis should not be taken along with alcohol because the treatment is not effective.
  • Processed foods: This includes canned goods, preserved foods, and cured meat. The preservatives and salt can cause itching and pain in vagina.
  • Fermented foods: Salted fish and cured meat are high in salt that can trigger redness and swelling in the vagina and other skin disorders. Refrain from eating dried fish, fermented fish, shrimp, cheese and bean curd.
  • Foods high in carbohydrates: Carbohydrates will be converted to sugar when ingested in the body and that can worsen the infection.
  • Salty foods: They increase urinary retention and cause skin allergies. If you have an existing bacterial vaginosis, salty foods can trigger the itching and inflammation.
  • Oily foods: Saturated fats can only harm to an existing bacterial infection in the same manner that they harm the body.

Good nutrition is essential to avoid the risks of bacterial infections and inflammations. Both pregnant and non-pregnant women have a greater chance of getting vaginosis if they have poor nutrition as the bacteria and microscopic organisms can penetrate their genitals. The
lack of micronutrients and phytonutrients in the body that can be garnered from fruits and vegetables may invite the bad bacteria to dominate in the body including the female reproductive system.

Holistic Approach To Prevent Bacterial Vaginosis

Most women suffering from bacterial vaginosis feel insecure and lose their self-esteem. They are ashamed to mingle with their friends and co-workers for fear that the fishy-smelling vaginal discharge will be noticeable to them. But if these women know how to handle and manage their medical problem, they do not need to lurk in the four corners of their homes. Instead, they can still be the normal person that they used to be. This section is dedicated to holistic approach in self-care towards the prevention and treatment of bacterial vaginosis, hoping that it can help women and correct their misconceptions about bacterial vaginosis and its relationship with STI or HIV.

Risk factors of bacterial vaginosis today

Bisexual relationships: The bacterium that is responsible in BV infection can be passed on from a female to a female in same sex relationships. Lesbians should refrain from having sex with a female partner if they are unsure of their medical condition. They are advised to consult a gynecologist and follow the medical regimen as the infection can recur in a few months after the treatment.

Promiscuity: A one-night stand can be dangerous if the woman is a carrier of BV or STD; therefore, men are advised to wear condoms to avoid transmitting the infection to another female partner. Although vaginosis is a woman’s disease, the possibility of transferring the bacteria from the penis to the vagina should be considered.

Misuse of antibiotics: Skipping and stopping the antibiotic prescribed can be dangerous as the bacteria and parasites in the body become more resistant, thus causing the recurrence of the infection.

Use of intrauterine device: IUDs and diaphragms is sometimes linked to vaginal infections. Make sure that you visit your obstetrician-gynecologist ever month to check the condition of your birth control devices.

Poor hygiene: Personal hygiene is essential to avoid infection. To avoid bacterial vaginosis, yeast infections, and STDs, both partners are
advised by clinicians to clean their genitals before and after sex. Men should wash their penis and women should wash their vagina before having sex and if they are in a hurry to do the act, they should use a condom to safeguard them from possible genital infection.

Dealing with Bacterial Vaginosis

Both men and women should be educated when it comes to prevention, treatment and managing bacterial infection in their genitals. Men should understand the importance of good health and it should not only focus on the other organs of the human body. The reproductive system consists of parts that are prone to various diseases  that could have been prevented if both sexual partners take some precautionary measures before and after sexual intercourse. Both partners should be taught about personal hygiene, which is a simple thing that they can do to avoid getting an infection.

  • For men, wash your penis with soap and water before and after sex.
  • For women, wash your vagina with mild soap and water before and after sex.
  • For bisexuals, always clean sex toys before and after using.
  • Always change the bedding after the sexual intercourse.
  • Disinfect the bathroom.
  • For men, wear a condom if you have multiple sexual partners.
  • Know the medical history of your sexual partner.
  • Do not overdo vaginal washing.
  • Avoid using menstrual devices as they can irritate the vaginal lining.
  • Boost your immune system by taking Vitamin C & D to avoid infections.
  • Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables every day to keep you healthy.
  • Eat a balanced diet.
  • Tear cotton underwear instead of synthetic fabrics.
  • Men should be treated if they are infected with an STD to avoid the vicious cycle.
  • Always maintain the right body mass index based on your age, weight and height.
  • Do not eat preserved, fermented, sugary, oily and inorganic foods.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Drink a lot of water every day.
  • Have a positive attitude in life.
  • Hit the gym.
  • Apply the home remedies mentioned in this article.
  • Join a women’s club and share your journey in dealing with BV.
  • Get involved in advocacy campaigns that support women’s health.

Bacterial vaginosis is not difficult to treat if the patient follows the doctor’s recommendation religiously. This medical condition can infect any woman, regardless of age, race, sexual activity and status in life. If you suspect yourself of having symptoms of By, seek medical help
immediately. Early intervention in treating BV is important. Make an appointment with your health care provider and get the treatment started. You will be glad you did.

Conclusion

Bacterial vaginosis is common in women who are in their reproductive age. It is transferable between female sexual partners and can recur even after antibiotic therapy. Pregnant women and those who have a history of recurrence should immediately visit a doctor to avoid
further complications.

This article provides readers with insights regarding bacterial vaginosis and why women should not be complacent, even if they do not have any symptoms.

The first section of this article talked about the genus Gardne rella vaginalis, its symptoms, causes and treatment.

The second section focused on bacterial vaginosis, causes and factors that contribute to vaginosis, and its complications.

The third talked about diagnosing By, tests and exams, routine questions that patients must answer and the importance of calling a doctor.

The fourth section discussed further the tips on its prevention, when to call a doctor and the medical practitioners to call.

In section five, readers learned about the relationship between pregnancy and bacterial vaginosis, screening and treatment of pregnant women.

In section six home remedies for the prevention and treatment of bacterial vaginosis was discussed.

Section seven  gave insight into sexually transmitted diseases, HIV and their relationship with bacterial vaginosis, management and educating patients and recommendations.

Section eight focused on health care advice, managing recurrence and tips on getting rid of vaginal odor.

Section nine discussed ways to improve diet and foods to steer clear of to avoid BV.

The last section discussed holistic approaches to dealing with bacterial vaginosis. It emphasized iatural ways to treat bacterial vaginosis.

I hope this article was able to help you understand bacterial vaginosis and the steps you need to take to conquer it.

The next step is to follow the advice and procedures I’ve shared on bacterial vaginosis. How to prevent infections, the importance of medications, diet changes and holistic approaches you should take to avoid its recurrence.

I wish you all the best as you endeavor to heal your body and improve your health!